What makes today one of the most sacred days in Warsaw, Poland? We all know the horror’s of World World II but not any one day is more special to the Polish people then today.
The Warsaw Uprising started on August 1st, 1944 and was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union’s Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces. However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support.
Warsaw could have been one of the first European capitals liberated; however, various military and political miscalculations, as well as global politics — played among Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) — turned the dice against it.
Although the exact number of casualties remains unknown, it is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass murders. Since the beginning of World War II over 85% of the city was destroyed by January 1945, when the Soviets entered the city.
Watch this clip to see how this special day in remember in Warsaw today.
To learn more the Warsaw Uprising go to the Warsaw Uprising site which is a GREAT website to make sure no one forgets!